How Suncare Products Work To Protect Your Skin

Categorized as Skincare, Beauty
sensual young ethnic woman applying spf lotion before sunbathing at poolside
Photo by Armin Rimoldi on

Suncare, also called sunblock, suntan lotions, snatch or tanning lotion, is any skin cream, lotion, spray, gel, or other topical product that reflects or absorbs some of the UV radiation the sun and so helps to protect the skin from sunburn. It is used by people who need to spend a great deal of time outdoors, or in places with very bright sunlight, or by those who have very pale skin or darker skin and who would otherwise be highly at risk of damage by the sun’s UV rays. This form of skin protection was used in ancient times when sunlight was the only light source for plants and animals and was natural protection against the sun’s harmful UV rays. Today, there are several different forms of suncare, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Sunscreens are the cheapest of all the skincare products because they are the least efficient in blocking the sun’s UV rays. Sunscreens are often used in combination with another form of suncare, called a “passive” sunblock. The passive sunblocks block the UV rays while at the same time providing some of the UVB protection from the regular sunscreen.

Sunscreens can provide many benefits in protecting your skin from sunburn, but they are primarily made up of zinc oxide, a material that tends to oxidise under the sun and give off toxic substances when mixed with the air, water or both, and/or when exposed to sunlight directly. Some of these products have been found to cause cancer in the lab. Therefore, when using sunscreens, it is important to choose those containing no known irritants, which will not irritate the skin. Sunscreens are usually available as lotions, gels, sprays or foams.

Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock SPF 50+ Sunscreen For Women And Men, 88ml

Rs. 549
Rs. 546
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  • Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock, SPF 50+ sunscreen for men and women
  • Broad spectrum SPF 50+ protection against UVA UVB rays. Formulation : Lotion
  • Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock is Dermatologist Tested
  • Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry Touch Sunblock is Ultra-Light, has a non-shiny finish. It leaves skin soft and smooth
  • Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Sunscreen for men and women

Lotus Herbals Safe Sun 3-In-1 Matte Look Daily Sunblock, SPF 40, 100g

Rs. 395
Rs. 311
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  • Quantity: 100g; Item Form: Cream
  • Mallow extract: Soothing and anti-inflammatory
  • Hops extract: Astringent properties
  • Directions: Apply Lotus Herbals Matte-Look Sun Block liberally and evenly on face and exposed parts of the body (neck, arms, legs, etc.) before exposure to sun. Re-apply frequently.
  • Skin Type: All Skin Types

La Shield Pollution Protect Mineral Sunscreen Gel Spf 50, WHITE, 50 gram

Rs. 280
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  • It defends skin’s natural barrier function from micro-particulate pollutants
  • Boosts skin hydration for a soft, supple feel
  • Lightweight & oil-free
  • Dermatologically tested
  • Does not clog pores

Mamaearth HydraGel Indian Sunscreen SPF 50, With Aloe Vera & Raspberry, for Sun Protection - 50g

Rs. 399
Rs. 338
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  • PROTECTS AGAINST UVA & B RAYS: Raspberry present in the sunscreen is high in antioxidants. The SPF 50 formula protects the skin from UV damage.
  • NON-STICKY AND LIGHTWEIGHT FORMULA: The gel-based formula provides long term hydration and protection from the sun. Aloe Vera makes it non-sticky & lightweight.
  • PROVIDES HYDRATION: While Raspberry in the sunscreen protects against the sun and its harmful rays, Aloe Vera hydrates while soothing dry skin
  • MADE WITH NATURAL INGREDIENTS: Made using natural ingredients, the sunscreen is free from Parabens, SLS, Petroleum, Artificial Preservatives, & Colors.
  • SUITABLE FOR ALL SKIN TYPES: The sunscreen is dermatologically tested & is suitable for all skin types.

Sunscreens are a major concern for those who work outside all day or whose skin is damaged by the sun’s UV rays. You should only apply sunscreen once or twice daily to avoid prolonged exposure and prolonged skin damage. It is often advisable to reapply sunscreen during outdoor sports. If you doubt applying sunscreen correctly, visit a professional skincare supplier or a medical doctor, who can advise which type of product would be best for you. The main types of sunscreen are sunscreens containing zinc oxide; sunscreens containing titanium dioxide; sunscreens containing PABA (Para-aminobenzoic acid) or zinc peroxide; and organic sunscreens. Sunscreens that are based on mineral oils do not provide as much protection as the other types.

Sunscreens that contain zinc oxide will provide some protection against UVB rays and may minimise the effects of sunburn on your skin, but they will not prevent the sun from damaging your skin. Sunscreens that contain titanium dioxide will block UVB rays, but they will also block the sun from heating your skin. Organic sunscreens will prevent your skin from absorbing UVB rays and may also slow down the signs of skin ageing, but organic sunscreens tend to be a little greasy, so they may not be suitable for people who are prone to acne.

All these types of sunscreen will have different ways of protecting your skin. Some of them will protect your skin from UVB rays by emitting UVB rays themselves, whereas others will block the sun before it has a chance to heat your skin. Sunscreens that act as sunscreen and an antiseptic will be a better choice if you are prone to sunburn or have sensitive skin. Always read the label of any product you buy to ensure that it will protect against UVB and sunburn.

You should not apply sunscreen to damaged skin. Many sunscreens will claim to work well on all skin types, but only some types of skin will be protected sufficiently by them. People with susceptible skin may have to avoid suncare products altogether. Even if you do not have sensitive skin, sunscreens can cause damage if they are not applied carefully and thoroughly. It is best to apply sunscreens in the morning when your skin is still moist to give it time to absorb the product before you use it in the evening.

People who use sun care products regularly are less likely to be inflicted with sunburns. Using sunscreens will help prevent sunburns, but if you already have a burned skin, it is advisable to limit its use. If you have a history of sunburns, or if your skin is extremely sensitive, it is best to consult your dermatologist before applying any skincare product. You can buy sunscreens at many drug stores and beauty supply stores. Make sure you read the labels and research the product you want to buy before you buy it.