Skin brightening, also called skin bleaching and skin whitening, is the process of utilizing chemical substances in an effort to lighten the skin, usually for cosmetic reasons, or give an even skin tone by eliminating the natural melanin levels in the skin. The process involves exposing the skin to an irritant such as a chemical that whitens the skin, and causing a chemical reaction that lightens or discolors the skin as a result. Although many people believe that there are no disadvantages associated with skin brightening, research has demonstrated a variety of possible disadvantages that are present with this popular procedure. Because many of the chemicals used during skin lightening are bleaches, irritants, or toxins, there can be side effects from using these products. These side effects include redness, dryness, allergies, burning, itching, flaking, inflammation, thickening of the skin, discoloration, peeling, thickening or wrinkling of the skin, uneven pigmentation or staining of the skin, and scars. The different types of chemicals used to perform skin lightening involve hydroquinone, mercury (II) chloride, and hydroxychloroquine.
Hydroquinone is one of the most common skin lighteners that have been reviewed. It was introduced into the marketplace in 1982. In clinical studies, it was found to be effective in decreasing the age spots that were present in the skin of test animals. However, while it may be effective in treating age spots, it is considered a high-risk product due to the possibility of cancer development in humans, particularly the stomach, bladder, pancreas, and liver. Due to the potential risks of hydroquinone skin brightening products have been found to be less expensive, more effective, and safer for individuals who would prefer to purchase over-the-counter products without the risk associated with hydroquinone use.
Mercury is another ingredient in many skin lighteners that are considered safe for use. Mercury compounds can be obtained from either natural or artificial sources. They have been found to be helpful in the treatment of sunburns, ulcers, and kidney stones, but are not considered safe for use as they can cause birth defects. As a result, individuals have been told to avoid mercury-based ingredients such as mercury-based spot treatments and other lightening agents.
Haloxyl is often used in formulas to brighten skin, although it is also used in bleaching formulas. Haloxyl can be obtained in two forms: as a cream or lotion, or as a liquid. Some people prefer to use both creams and lotions when looking to brighten their skin to achieve a whiter appearance.
Dark spots on the skin occur due to a lack of melanin, which is the substance that determines skin tone pigmentation. Age and exposure to the sun cause the production of melanin to slow down, which results in discoloration and age spots. In order to maintain a healthy skin tone and improve skin bleaching results, it is important to use an appropriate skin bleaching product that contains at least four ingredients. These products should include a melanin inhibitor, a melanin enhancer, a melanocyte enhancer, and an exfoliant.
The best skin brightening cream should include the ingredients mentioned above, along with an exfoliant for deeply cleansing your skin. You also want to find a cream that is effective against the discolorations discussed above. There are several ingredients that can help fade out these discolorations, including hydroquinone, zinc oxide, resorcinol, malic acid, and glycolic acid. These ingredients should all be part of every effective discolorations-removal product. Additionally, you should look for ingredients that improve healthy glow and collagen production.
An effective skin bleaching solution should include oxybenzone and benzophenone. The reason that these two ingredients work so well is that they prevent the formation of free radicals. Free radicals are harmful to your health and cause premature aging. They are formed as a result of too much UV exposure, smoking, and unprotected sun tanning.
Another group of skin brightening ingredients are those that stimulate the production of new collagen and elastin. When you have too much collagen and elastin due to age or genetics, new skin cells cannot grow as fast. Melanin and new collagen fibers replace the old ones that have been lost because of pigmentation and skin discolorations. This causes your complexion to become less pigmented and less discolored.